Digivation Hack Central

Tag: gci

Optimal String Sizing for PV Systems

by on Apr.23, 2010, under Solar

Optimal string sizing for a given inverter can improve your return on investment.

As an example, I will use my system as an example. The PVI-5000-OUTD-AU efficiency plot is given below.

Aurora Efficiency Plot


The important panel parameters are:

Panel: TH175M24
Pmax: 175watts
Vmp: 36.2V
Imp: 4.85A
Voc: 43.9V
Isc: 5.30A

It can be seen from the inverter efficiency diagram that the sweet spot is at 50% full power and 345V string voltage. Note that it has 2 MPPTs. These may be independently specified.

Now the 28 panels for 4.9kW need to be split between the MPPTs such that the Pmax string voltages are near the optimal 345V. This gives us 2 optimal and a symterical choices:

  1. 2 x 9 Panels in parallel + 1 x 10 panels. This gives string voltages of 325.8V and 362V.
  2. 2 x 10 panels in parallel + 1 x 8 panels. This gives string voltages of 362V and 289.6V.
  3. 2 x 7 panels in parallel + 2 x 7 panels in parallel. This gives string voltages of 253.4V

The open circuit string voltage for this inverter must be less than 600V. This is 439V for 10 panels, so this parameter is ok.

By inspection of the efficiency plot, configuration 1 is the best. In fact is it 0.3% better than the symmetrical configuration, which would result in about $10 per year more income/power at 68c/kWh.

The MPPT which has 2 strings in parallel has a greater weight attributed when choosing panel configuration as it supplies more power.

Refs:
Aurora PVI-5000-OUTD-AU Datasheet
TH175M24 specs

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PV System Install Phase1

by on Apr.23, 2010, under Solar

The panels are up but the Aurora inverter is still coming due to supply issues in mid May.
I have opted not to obtain an alternative GCI due to the excellent efficiency of the powerone aurora. It is generally 2% or more better than others currently able to be supplied at short notice so worth waiting. 2% is worth 98W at full power, and derated, works out to about $100 per year.

All things going well, we should be generating power and income in June some time, fingers crossed. Hopefully AGL wont stuff us around like others I know when we apply for the premium rate tarrif too.

PV Panel Install

4.9kW PV Panel Install with 28 x 175W Mono

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Mapping special names to multiple USB serial adapters

by on Apr.17, 2010, under linux, Solar

The watts clever envi has a USB serial adapter which is a Prolific pl2303. When inserted it is assigned /dev/ttyUSB0 by udev, among a few other symlinks. I have now obtained an RS485 serial adapter on ebay for A$13.98 delivered which uses the exact same chip, which makes it indistiguishable from the envi’s port. What I needed was a way to guarantee uniqueness regardless of the enumeration order on boot or random hot plugin. Naturally, this is for the Aurora GCI which will be installed when they become available in May.

Researching udev a bit, I found /lib/udev/rules.d/60-persistent-serial.rules (mine is a debian system). This file shows how the standard symlinks are done. Since each USB port is unique, I should be able to use that uniqueness to map another symlink to the device.

Firstly plug in the device in the chosen USB port and issue
udevadm info --query=all --name=/dev/ttyUSB1

This shows a heap of stuff but mainly we are interested in
P: /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1a.0/usb2/2-1/2-1:1.0/ttyUSB1/tty/ttyUSB1

Create a file in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-serial.rules which contains

#see /lib/udev/rules.d/60-persistent-serial.rules

ACTION!=”add|change”, GOTO=”persistent_serial_end”
SUBSYSTEM!=”tty”, GOTO=”persistent_serial_end”
KERNEL!=”ttyUSB[0-9]*|ttyACM[0-9]*”, GOTO=”persistent_serial_end”

IMPORT=”usb_id –export %p”
#IMPORT=”path_id %p”

ENV{ID_SERIAL}==””, GOTO=”persistent_serial_end”

# usb nearest ethernet connector
ENV{DEVPATH}==”*usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0*”, SYMLINK+=”serial/by-name/envi”
#bottom front connector
ENV{DEVPATH}==”*usb7/7-1/7-1:1.0*”, SYMLINK+=”serial/by-name/rs485″
# usb below nearest ethernet connector
ENV{DEVPATH}==”*usb2/2-1/2-1:1.0*”, SYMLINK+=”serial/by-name/rs485″

LABEL=”persistent_serial_end”

Replug and voila you get /dev/serial/by-name/rs485 which will always be the correct device.

Now I just have to run the wire to where the GCI will be installed.

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Solar Sites on the Web

by on Feb.02, 2010, under Solar

Curt Blank has written an Aurora GCI data interfacing program and written a web interface around it.

http://www.curtronics.com/Solar/

I’ll be using this one.

I just need to get a linux supported USB to RS485 interface (ebay) and run some cable up the wall from the server patch panel.

soon…

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